In the project "Wind Challenge" students work interdisciplinary on the development, construction and testing of a small wind turbine. The project creates an atmosphere in which students from a wide range of scientific disciplines can contribute their theoretical and practical knowledge.
The team was founded in 2019 to participate in the international competition "International Small Wind Turbine Contest (ISWTC) " in the Netherlands. Every year, teams of students meet there and compete against each other in a direct comparison with their wind turbines.
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In summer semester 2021, a project team from the University of Applied Sciences Emden/Leer looked at the prospects and problems of ship recycling in Germany, in particular why it is hardly ever done in Germany and what conditions would be necessary for ship recycling to be a more attractive and profitable business model in Germany.
Germany is a country which is poor in raw materials. For this reason, goals must be pursued to keep raw materials in the country through recycling. An example of this is the raw material steel, which accounts for the largest share in the construction of a ship. At present, up to 80 percent of the world's ships for recycling are scrapped in South Asian countries such as Bangladesh, India, and China. In most cases, the vessels are driven onto the beach at full speed (beaching) in order to dismantle them on the ground. However, this method is viewed critically as occupational safety regulations, environmental regulations and wages in these countries cannot be compared with those in Europe.
A team of students from the University of Applied Sciences Emden/Leer has analysed the concepts for a sustainable design of their transport systems in a number of cities and selected the approaches that could be suitable for a small town like Emden.
E-mobility is not the only component, but it is an important one, provided that by this point, the electricity is essentially produced from renewable sources. As a “regenerative city”, Emden is predestined to promote e-mobility in the city thanks to the prominence of local wind energy.
The classic carbon neutral modes of transport, such as cycling or walking, were also taken into account. The requirement for this is the suitable infrastructure (cycle paths, charging points), the conversion of local public transport with electric buses and a more comprehensive network of bus connections to make it unnecessary to drive your own car into the city centre.
A student project investigated what environmentally friendly boat tourism on the canals of East Frisia could look like: with various boats powered by electricity.
The necessary infrastructure on the canals and a suitable type of boat were designed. Instead of buying the boats (e.g. In Holland), the boats should be built in Emden to support the local economy. The project was coordinated with a similar concept of the rowing club, which aims at water tourism “with vigour”. Farms bordering canals could benefit from boating tourism through suitable offers.
In a student project, the waste on campus was analysed according to type, quantity and cost of disposal. The general waste was tipped out and sorted according to how much of it could still be returned to the material cycle if the appropriate waste containers for material separation were introduced, i.e. in the corridors or lecture halls, for example.
Procedure from other universities were collected and a concept for Emden/Leer was developed and presented to the university management. Financially, the implementation would lead to a saving of approx. € 10,000/year!